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Guildford Borough Council

Proposed Submission Local Plan: strategy and sites 2017

Proposed Submission Local Plan: strategy and sites 2017 - Part 1: Policies

4.6 Infrastructure Policies

Policy ID1: Infrastructure and delivery

Policy ID1: Infrastructure and delivery

Introduction

4.6.1 The timely provision of suitable, adequate infrastructure is crucial to the well-being of the borough's population, and of its economy. Guildford Borough Infrastructure Baseline 2013The Guildford borough Infrastructure Delivery Plan summarises the capacity and quality of existing infrastructure, including planned improvements. Historically infrastructure provision and upgrading has not always kept pace with the growth of population, employment and transport demands, and in parts of the borough some infrastructure is currently at or near to capacity, or of poor quality.

POLICY ID1: Infrastructure and delivery

(1) To support delivery of this Local Plan, iInfrastructure necessaryneeded to support new development shouldwill be provided and available when first needed to serve the development's occupants and users and/or to mitigate its otherwise adverse material impacts of the development. To achieve this, the delivery of development may need to be phased to reflect the delivery of infrastructure.This will be secured by planning obligation, planning condition, or from other infrastructure funding, including the Community Infrastructure Levy. Where the timely provision of necessary supporting infrastructure is not secured, development may be phased to reflect infrastructure delivery, or will be refused.

(2) The delivery of infrastructure will be secured by planning condition and/or planning obligation.

(3) If the timely provision of infrastructure necessary to support new development cannot be secured, planning permission will be refused.

(4) The key infrastructure needed to support on which the delivery of thisthe Plan depends is providedset out in the Infrastructure Schedule at Appendix C, or any updates in the latest Guildford borough Infrastructure Delivery Plan. The Local Plan also includes land allocated for infrastructure. This infrastructure is listed at Appendix C.

(5) When determining planning applications, and attaching appropriate planning conditions and/or planning obligations, regard will be had to the delivery and timing of delivery of the key infrastructure, or otherwise alternative interventions which provide comparable mitigation.

(6) The non-site specific and more general infrastructure requirements are set out in the Planning Contributions Supplementary Planning Document (SPD) 2011, which will be updated as required.

(7) Where appropriate, Through we will collect the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) we will collect financial contributions from most new build developments in the borough. We will use Community Infrastructure LevyCIL receipts towards providing infrastructure to support development, and will facilitate the spending of up to one quarter of CILCommunity Infrastructure Levy receipts originating from each parish and from Guildford town, on local priorities to support development.

(8) In allocating developer infrastructure contributions, we will prioritise Thames Basin Heaths Special Protection Area mitigation and avoidance in order to ensure that we meet our legal responsibilities.

 

Definitions

4.6.2 Infrastructure is a very broad term. The Planning Act 2008 as amended defines infrastructure as roads and other transport facilities, flood defences, schools and other educational facilities, medical facilities, sporting and recreational facilities, and open spaces. For the purpose of one source of infrastructure funding, the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL), "Infrastructure", specifically includes parks, green spaces and play areas, roads and other transport, schools, flood defences, sporting and recreational facilities, and medical facilities. Guidance on the CIL advises that infrastructure also includes cultural and sports facilities, district heating schemes, police stations and other community safety facilities.

Reasoned Justification

4.6.3 The Infrastructure Schedule that supports this Plan focuses on the following types of infrastructure:

  • Strategic Road Network, Local Road Network, park and ride, Sustainable Movement Corridor, bus transport, active modes, and rail
  • schools
  • utilities, including electricity and gas distribution and supply, water supply and waste water treatment, flood risk minimising
  • GPs and dental surgeries, hospital and community health care, libraries, cemeteries, and sports facilities.

4.6.4 Maintenance of adequate infrastructure and expansion to meet growing needs is generally the responsibility of the relevant infrastructure provider. Most infrastructure providers work to statutory requirements and have set, short-term planning cycles and asset management plans. This is particularly the case with utility providers.

4.6.5 The Infrastructure Schedule sets out the key infrastructure needed, and the sources of funding, and is provided at Appendix C. This Schedule is also included in the Guildford borough Infrastructure Delivery Plan which supports the Local Plan. This provides more detail regarding future infrastructure needs, and will be regularly reviewed as further detail becomes available, particularly regarding infrastructure needed to support development later in the Pplan period. By allocating sites for new transport infrastructure, new primary and secondary schools, allotments, and a burial ground, we are facilitating the delivery of some of the infrastructure to support this Plan.

4.6.6 The law requires us to ensure that all planning obligations comply with three legal tests. These tests are that the planning obligation is:

  • necessary to make the development acceptable in planning terms,
  • directly related to the development, and
  • fairly and reasonably related in scale and kind to the development.

These legal tests prevent us using planning obligations to fund existing infrastructure deficits, but they can be used where the proposed development would worsen the situation.

4.6.7 We intend to introduce the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) to assist in funding infrastructure to support development. CIL must be spent on infrastructure needed to support development in the borough. With the exception of the "neighbourhood portion" of CIL which is passed on to the relevant Pparish and Town Ccouncils, we will decide what infrastructure the CIL money is spent on. We may not use the CIL to remedy existing deficiencies in infrastructure provision unless those deficiencies would be made more severe worsened by new development. CIL funds can also be used to increase the capacity of existing infrastructure or to repair failing existing infrastructure, if that is necessary to support development.

4.6.8 To ensure that the scale of development set out in the Local Plan can be delivered, we have considered the impact of the Plan policies and other requirements on the viability of development included in the Plan. Where an applicant advises that their development is unviable with the policy and infrastructure requirements, we will consider whether these were taken into account in the price paid for the site (or option on the site). If these had been taken into account, but there may be are higher costs associated with the site, we will consider negotiating.

4.6.9 Infrastructure providers will fund and deliver some infrastructure themselves, particularly when this is on the development site or provides access to the site. Other infrastructure will be funded by developers through planning obligations or the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL), and may be delivered off the development site.

4.6.10 We will allocate a "neighbourhood" portion of our CIL funds to Pparish Ccouncils in accordance with national legislation. Parishes and areas without a parish council,Neighbourhood Forums that have an adopted Neighbourhood Plan will be allocated a larger proportion to spend on their priorities to support development. Guildford Borough Council is required to retain the neighbourhood portion for the areas of the borough with no parish council, which in Guildford borough, is Guildford town and Wisley parish.

4.6.11 Guildford Borough Council is required to retain the neighbourhood portion for the areas of the borough with no parish council, which in Guildford borough is the Guildford urban area and Wisley parish. An officer-working group will be established to prioritise the neighbourhood CIL spending for thatthose areas. This will include ward councillors, existing community groups and neighbourhood forums.

Key Evidence

  • Draft Guildford borough Infrastructure Delivery Plan 2016 (Guildford Borough Council, 2016)
  • Strategic Highway Assessment (Surrey County Council, June 2016)
  • Guildford Local Plan Viability and Affordable Housing Study (Guildford Borough Council, December 2014)
  • The Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations 2010, as amended

 

Monitoring Indicators

Indicator

Target

Data source

Annual CIL receipts

N/A

Annual monitoring

Annual CIL spending