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Guildford Borough Council

Proposed Submission Local Plan: strategy and sites 2017

Proposed Submission Local Plan: strategy and sites 2017 - Part 1: Policies

Policy ID3: Sustainable transport for new developments

Policy ID3: Sustainable transport for new developments

Introduction

4.6.20 The NPPF requires that developments that generate significant movement will be located where the need to travel will be minimised and the use of sustainable transport modes can be maximised. It also states that different policies and measures will be required in different communities and that opportunities to maximise sustainable transport solutions will vary from urban to rural areas. Our spatial development strategy in Policy S2 addresses the development needs of the borough and where that development should be focused, ensuring that distances and links between homes and employment, education, health, shopping, leisure and other services and facilities, are practicalactively managing patterns of growth to make the fullest possible use of public transport, walking and cycling, and focusing significant development in locations which are or can be made sustainable. Achieving sustainable transport has been a key consideration in setting the spatial development strategy.

4.6.21 Complementing our spatial development strategy, this policy will structure the consideration of the transport opportunities and impacts of individual proposals for new development as they come forward through the planning process, including the planning application process.In respect of developments in our borough, Policy I3 promotes the use of sustainable transport modes through the planning process for new developments. This builds on national planning policy that gives weight in decision-making when opportunities for sustainable transport modes will be taken up, safe and suitable access will be achieved and improvements will be undertaken within the transport network that cost effectively limit the significant impacts of the development.

POLICY ID3: Sustainable transport for new developments

(1) We will expect that newNew development s will be required to contribute to the delivery of an integrated, accessible and safe transport system, balanced in favour ofmaximising the use of the sustainable transport modes of walking, cycling and the use of public and community transport, to facilitate sustainable development.

(2) We will expect nNew development towill be required, in so far as its site's size, characteristics and location allow, to maximise:

(a) the provision ofprovide high-quality, safe and direct walking and cycling routes within a permeable site layouts, with priority over vehicular traffic, that strengthen, facilitates and encourages short distance trips by walking and cycling

(b) the provision ofprovide secure, accessible and convenient cycle parking

(c) the protect, enhance and improvement of existing cycle and walking routes to local facilities, services, bus stops and railway stations, to ensure their effectiveness and amenity of these routes

(d) secure appropriate the provision and improvements to of public and community transport, including infrastructure and park and ride requirements, and

• provide off-street vehicle parking for both residential and non-residential developments at a level which reduces the likelihood of overspill parking on the public highway where there is a clear and compelling justification that it is necessary to manage the Local Road Network

• within areas of on-street parking stress, as identified by the Vehicle Parking Supplementary Planning Document, planning permission for residential developments resulting in a net increase in housing will be subject to a planning obligation to require that future occupants will not be eligible for on-street residents parking permits

• provide a Travel Plans where significant amounts of movement are generated

• facilitate the use of ultra low emission vehicles

(e) provide for the needs ofopportunities for people with disabilities to access all modes of transport by all modes of transport, wherever possible, and.

• contribute to the delivery of the route of the proposed Sustainable Movement Corridor in the town of Guildford where appropriate.

(3) New development providing, contributing and/or close to the routes of the proposed Sustainable Movement Corridor in the Guildford urban area will have regard to the Sustainable Movement Corridor Supplementary Planning Document.

(4) In terms of vehicular parking for new developments:

(a) in Controlled Parking Zones, or component areas thereof, in which the demand for on-street parking by residents of existing dwellings and, where allowed, 'pay and display' visitor parking exceeds the supply of designated on-street parking spaces, planning permission for new residential development resulting in a net increase in dwellings will be subject to a planning obligation to require that future occupants will not be eligible for on-street residents parking permits, with the exception of disabled people who will be eligible, and

(b) for residential new development in all other areas, and for all non-residential new development in the borough, off-street vehicle parking should be provided such that the level of any resulting parking on the public highway does not adversely impact road safety or the movement of other road users.

(5) The Council will have regard to the latest Guildford Borough Parking Strategy in applying the above policy test for new residential development in Controlled Parking Zones or component areas thereof.

(6) The provision and/or improvement of a car club by a new development will be supported if appropriate.

(7) We will expect newNew developments will be required to provide and/or fund the provision of to demonstrate adequate provision suitable access and transport infrastructure and services that are necessary to make it acceptable, including the to mitigateion of the likely its otherwise adverse material impacts, including within the context of the cumulative impacts of approved developments and site allocations. This mitigation:

(a) will maintainof the proposal both the safe operation and the performance of the Local Road Networks and the Strategic Road Network to the satisfaction of the relevant highway authorities, and

(b). It will also address. This provision should include the mitigation of otherwise adverse material impacts on communities and the environmental impacts, such as including impacts on amenity and health, noise pollution and air pollution, and impact on amenity and health.

(8) Planning applications for new development will have regard to the Infrastructure Schedule at Appendix C which sets out the key infrastructure requirements on which the delivery of the Plan depends, or any updates in the latest Guildford borough Infrastructure Delivery Plan.

(9) Provision of suitable access and transport infrastructure and services will be achieved through direct improvements and/or schemes funded through Section 106 contributions and/or the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL), towhich will address impacts in the wider area including across the borough boundary.

(10) New development that will generate significant amounts of movement will:

(a) We will expect all applications for development that generate significant amounts of movement to at the planning application stage, be supported by a Transport Statement or Transport Assessment in accordance with the thresholds set out in the CouncilLocal Planning Authority's Local Validation List., and

(b) require a Travel Plan which will be proportionate to the size of the new development.

(11) The provision of additional public off-street car parking in Guildford town centre will be supported when it facilitates the interception of trips that would otherwise drive through the Guildford gyratory.

 

Definitions

4.6.21a The NPPF defines 'sustainable transport modes' as any efficient, safe and accessible means of transport with overall low impact on the environment, including walking and cycling, low and ultra low emission vehicles, car sharing and public transport. For the purposes of this policy, specific requirements with respect to walking, cycling, and public and community transport are specified.

4.6.21b Car-free new development is defined as a development in which there are no parking spaces provided within the curtilage of the site. This will not preclude the provision of an area for delivery and service vehicles. Such an area should be suitably managed to ensure its use as such.

Reasoned Justification

4.6.22 The planning process for new developments provides the opportunity to maximise the use of the sustainable transport modes of walking, cycling, and the use of public and community transport, and opportunities for people with disabilities to access all modes of transport. This is consistent with the NPPF. All development should strive to offer real travel choice for all people by sustainable transport modes appropriate in scale and kind to the development. Development must be designed to promote road safety, and to create places where walking and cycling have priority over motorised traffic, so that people feel safe to do so. Development should ensure good accessibility by walking and cycling to local facilities, services and to bus stops and railway stations. For the average person cycling has the potential to substitute for short car trips, particularly under five kilometres, and walking for trips under one kilometre.

4.6.23 The Council proposes to bring forward a new Vehicle Parking Supplementary Planning Document to provide advice further to the policy with respect to the appropriate provision of off-street vehicle parking. Our policy takes account of the March 2015 written statement to Parliament from the Minister which stated that "Local Planning Authorities should only impose local parking standards for residential and non-residential development where there is a clear and compelling justification that it is necessary to manage their local road network." The Vehicle Parking Supplementary Planning Document will also seek to identify sustainable areas in which it may be appropriate to promote low parking or parking free developments.

4.6.24 The Sustainable Movement Corridor will provide a priority pathway through the urban area of Guildford for buses, pedestrians and cyclists, serving the new communities at Blackwell Farm, SARP and Gosden Hill Farm including the new Park and Ride site, the new Guildford West (Park Barn) and Guildford East (Merrow) rail stations, the Onslow Park and Ride, both of the University of Surrey's campuses, the town centre and Guildford rail station. The aim is for journeys toJourneys will be rapid and reliable by bus and safe and direct on foot and by bike. The Sustainable Movement Corridor will be implemented in sections during the plan period, largely on existing roads and with the urban extensions at Blackwell Farm, SARP and Gosden Hill Farm, and some sites in the town centre, required to make provision for the corridor. The route sections of the proposed Sustainable Movement Corridor are listed in Appendix C. The Council will bring forward a Sustainable Movement Corridor Supplementary Planning Document.

4.6.24a With respect to vehicular parking, the policy takes account of the March 2015 written statement to Parliament from the Minister which stated that "Local Planning Authorities should only impose local parking standards for residential and non-residential development where there is a clear and compelling justification that it is necessary to manage their local road network."

4.6.24b Guildford town centre and surrounding residential roads have a Controlled Parking Zone, which is presently comprised of ten component areas. All roads in the Controlled Parking Zone are subject to restriction during busy times of the day. There are and will continue to be regular reviews of the Controlled Parking Zone to assess whether the controls are appropriate and whether new roads need to be included or other changes made. New Controlled Parking Zones could also be designated in future.

4.6.24c In the areas of the Controlled Parking Zone in which the demand for on-street resident and 'pay and display' visitor parking exceeds the supply of designated on-street parking spaces, the Local Planning Authority will apply the policy test for vehicular parking as set out. This provides an exception for disabled people who will be eligible.

4.6.24d At present, the policy test for new residential development in Controlled Parking Zones or component areas thereof will be engaged in areas A, B, C and D of the Controlled Parking Zone.

4.6.24e The policy does not preclude developers from bringing forward proposals for car-free new development. Any such proposal would be subject to the policy tests set out for vehicular parking.

4.6.25 The measures applicable to each development proposal will vary on a case-by-case basis, including according to the type and scale of development proposed, its location, and the level of existing transport infrastructure and services in the immediate area. This could also include a financial contribution for the implementation of schemes beyond the scope of an individual development to deliver.

4.6.26 In assessing whether the development proposal is likely to give rise to a significant amount of travel demand, the Council will consider the existing use of the building(s) and/or site, existing transport conditions in the immediate and wider area, and likely transport generation from the development proposals.

4.6.27 Development must also mitigate its otherwise adverse material impacts, including on traffic, impacts, including its the community and the environmental impacts and impacts on amenity and health. Measures designed to encourage people to make sustainable travel choices can assist with reducing these impacts. Such measures can include car clubs, car sharing, infrastructure / facilities for electric charging plug-in points and other low and ultra- low emission vehicles, encouraging the accelerated uptake of cleaner fuels and technologies resulting in carbon and vehicle emission reductions, the provision of cycle infrastructure, pedestrian wayfinding and cycle parking, including for adult tricycles which can be suitable for those with disabilities and older people concerned about their balance, and the marketing and promotion of sustainable travel choices, for instance the provision of resident travel information packs. Well designed developments may actively help to enhance air quality, manage exposure and reduce overall emissions, therefore reducing possible health impacts.

4.6.28 Whilst the site allocations and proposals in this Plan - including the significant programme of schemes to provide and improve opportunities to use active modes, bus and rail - are intended to result in a modest modal shift over the period to 2034, we forecast that there will also be an absolute increase in overall traffic volumes. Schemes to increase highway capacity and improve road safety will mitigate the principal adverse material impacts of this growth in traffic volumes. The key infrastructure needed to support the delivery of this Plan, including the sustainable transport and highway schemes, is set out in the Infrastructure Schedule at Appendix C. Updates to the Infrastructure Schedule can be made through future revisions of the Infrastructure Delivery Plan. In demonstrating adequate provision to mitigate the likely impacts of the proposal, developers should have regard to the Infrastructure Schedule at Appendix C which sets out the key infrastructure requirements on which the delivery of the plan depends. The Guildford Borough Transport Strategy sets out the programme of transport improvement schemes promoted by Guildford Borough Council, and includes all the key infrastructure requirements on which the delivery of the plan depends, mirroring the transport schemes in the Infrastructure Delivery Plan.

4.6.29 Planning applications need to address the transport implications of the proposed development.In assessing whether a development proposal will give rise to a significant amount of travel demand, the Local Planning Authority will consider the existing use of the building(s) and/or site, existing transport conditions in the immediate and wider area, and transport generation from the development proposals. Many developments proposals will require the submission of a Transport Assessment and Travel Plan. TheyTogether, these documents will addressset out the potential transport impacts of their proposals, how they will be addressed, and how sustainable travel will be delivered in the long term. For smaller developments proposals with lower impacts, a simpler Transport Statement may be required or may not be required if it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Local Planning Authority, in liaison with the highway authority or authorities, that the changes are minor.

4.6.30 Information on producing Travel Plans is available from Surrey County Council. Area-wide Travel Plans will be acceptable where appropriate, such as on industrial or business parks, which would enable businesses to coordinate their efforts and pool resources for the benefit of everyone using the business park.

4.6.30a Roads in Guildford town centre carry high volumes of traffic and are subject to recurrent traffic congestion during peak periods, especially the gyratory and its immediate approaches. Over the weekday hours of 07:00-19:00, around a quarter of car trips passing through the Guildford gyratory either begin or end at a public car park in the town centre. This is, in part, a consequence of a mismatch between the demands for, and supply of, public off-street car parking on the different approach roads. The policy with respect to the provision of additional public off-street car parking is designed to reduce the impact of these trips on traffic volumes and congestion in the town centre. This planning policy will complement future environmental improvements in the town centre, realising the Council's 'drive to, not through' concept.

Key Evidence

  • Guildford Borough Proposed Submission Local Plan "June 2016": Strategic Highway Assessment Report (Surrey County Council, June 2016)
  • Guildford Borough Transport Strategy 20162017 (Guildford Borough Council, June 20162017)
  • Guildford Town and Approaches Movement Study (Arup, March 2015)
  • Guildford Borough Parking Strategy (Guildford Borough Council, 2016)
  • Transportation Development Control Good Practice Guide (Surrey County Council, 2006) - includes updates since 2006 in its Annex D
  • National Planning Policy Framework (DCLG, 2012)
  • National Planning Practice Guidance (DCLG)
  • Written statement to Parliament: Planning update (March 2015)
  • Local Validation List (Guildford Borough Council, May 2015)

 

Monitoring Indicators

Indicator

Target

Data source

Walking, cycling, bus and rail modal share for travel to work journey inof Guildford borough residents (expressed as a percentage of all trips)

Increase in modal share over time

Census - every 10 years